The verb ya .. to be; to do .. や

16 December 2018 by wolfganghofmeier

Level: B1

Japanese verbs have formal and informal verb forms. Tourists should use the formal forms, but should also recognize the informal forms.

Japanese verbs also have negative forms. That will take some getting used to because in English not is put in front to the verb to make the sentence negative. The English auxiliary verb do is also used in forming negative sentences.

Infinitive: to be; to do .. ya .. や

Present tense formal: (I) do .. desu .. です

Present tense informal: (I) do .. ya .. や

Past tense formal: (I) did .. deshita .. でした

Past tense informal: (I) did .. yatta .. やった

Imperative formal: Please do. .. yanaide kudasai .. やないでください

Te form: de .. で

Present tense formal negative: (I) don’t do .. desen .. でせん

Present tense informal negative: (I) don’t do .. yanai .. やない

Past tense formal negative: (I) didn’t do .. desen deshita .. でせんでした

Past tense informal negative: (I) didn’t do .. yanakatta .. やなかった

Imperative formal negative: Please don’t do . .. yanaide kudasai .. やないでください

Imperative informal negative: Don’t do. .. yana .. やな

1) What I thought as good backfired.

Yokare to omotte yatta koto ga urame ni.


Literally: good ‘to’ think it_was ‘koto go’ backfired

2) Even those who earn less or do not need to file a residence tax!

Shūnyū ga suku nakatta kata ya nakatta kata demo jūmin zei no shinkoku ga hitsuyō desu!

収入が少なかった方やなかった方でも 住民税の申告が必要です!

Literally: income ‘ga’ small it_was_not person it_was_not person but residents tax ‘no’ declaration ‘ga’ necessary it_is

3) Is this the head office or not?

Koko ga honten yanakatta no ka?


Literally: here ‘ga’ head_office it_wasn’t ‘no’ ‘ka’

4) Attractions are not only in casinos. .. Miryoku wa kajino dake yanaide. .. 魅力はカジノだけやないで

5) Do not do this alone! .. Kono hitori yanaide! .. このひとりやないで

See also

や [ya]

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