Joining phrases with ‘so’

15 December 2018 by wolfganghofmeier

Level: A1
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so .. kara .. から

so; because .. dakara .. だから

so; because .. node .. ので

You must attach the prefix な when the first clause ends with a plain noun or na-adjective.

so; because .. nanode .. なので

for that reason .. sono tame (ni) .. そのため(に)

so; so then; and .. sore de .. それで

and; then .. suruto .. すると

1) (It’s) noisy here so (I) don’t like it very much.

Koko wa, urusai kara, amari suki janai.

ここは、うるさいから、あまり好きじゃない。

2) He is a kind person. So everyone likes him.

Shinsetsuna hito desu. Dakara min'na ni suka reru.

親切な人です。だからみんなに好かれる。

The following cryptic sentence was on Twitter:

3) Left falling right @ Reflecting Article 9 because it is against the war!

Hidari 倒憂 Migi@ sensō hantai dakara 9-jō kaisei!

左倒憂右@戦争反対だから9条改正!

4) The school is closed because tomorrow is a holiday.

Ashita wa shukujitsu nanode, gakkō wa yasumi desu.

明日は祝日なので、学校は休みです。

Literally: tomorrow ‘wa’ holiday because, school ‘wa’ holiday it_is

5) Because I have a cold I was absent from school.

Kaze nanode gakkō o yasunda.

風邪なので学校を休んだ。

Literally: cold because school ‘o’ I_was_absent

6) I overslept. Therefore, I missed the train.

Nesugoshite shimatta. Sonotame, kisha ni noriokureta.

寝過ごしてしまった。そのため、汽車に乗り遅れた。

7) You want to motivate girls! What should I do for that?

Joshi ni motetai anata! Sonotame ni nani o suru beki ka?

女子にモテたいあなた!そのために何をするべきか?

Literally: girls ‘ni’ motivate you! for_that ‘ni’ what ‘o’ do should ‘ka’

8) I could not convince him, so I asked again.

Nattoku dekinakute, sorede mata shitsumon shita no desu.

納得できなくて、それでまた質問したのです。

9) I recently quit smoking. That made me healthier.

Watashi wa saikin, tabako o yamemashita. Sorede kenkō ni narimashita.

私は最近、タバコをやめました。それで健康になりました。

10) I was about to go out and I got a phone call.

Dekakeyou to suru to denwa ga kakatte kita.

出かけようとすると電話がかかってきた。

11) A game of darkness that turns into crap out if you cheat a little.

Sukoshi uwaki suruto gabagaba ni natte shimau yami no gēmu.

少し浮気するとガバガバになってしまう闇のゲーム。

Literally: a_little cheating then governess ‘ni’ turn into dark game

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