Hiragana, Katakana, Kanji

1 December 2018 by wolfganghofmeier


As mentioned before, hiragana are used in verb endings, particles and various other parts of words. Katakana are used to write foreign import words. Kanji are used to write verb stems, native Japanese nouns and stems of adjectives.



1) A coffee, please. - Kō`hī o kudasai`. - コーヒーをください。

コーヒー - kōhī – written in katakana

を – o – object particle, written in hiragana

ください – please – written in hiragana

2) A tea, please. - O`cha o kudasai`. - お茶をください。

お茶 – ocha – a hiragana character followed by a kanji character

3) Japan is beautiful. - Nihon wa utsukushī desu. - 日本は美しいです。

日本 – Nihon – two kanji characters

は – wa – a topic particle, written as a hiragana character

美 – utsuku – the stem of the adjective, written as a kanji character

美しいです - utsukushī desu – a kanji character for the stem of the adjective followed by four hiragana characters, literally utsuku_shi_i_de_su

Word Meaning
コーヒ 1. kōhī
2. coffee
お茶 1. ocha
2. tea
日本 Japan
美しい beautiful
です it is
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