1 September 2016 by kuma.cakes
The basics of Esperanto for beginners to the language, covering basic phrases, adjectives, nouns, and everything else you'll need to hold a conversation well!
An average Esperanto conversation would probably sound like this: (for letter pronouciations audio visit lernu.net)
1: Saluton! (sah-lou-tohn)
1: Kiel vi fartas? (key-el-vee-far-tas)
2: Mi fartas bone, kaj vi? (me-far-tas-boh-neh-kai-vee)
1: Mi fartas bone ankaux, dankon! (me-far-tas-boh-ne-an-kow-dank-ohn)
Now lets break that down, shall we?
Saluton, if you haven't guessed, means hello. Look familiar? For English speakers you may recognize it from the English word: Salutations. As for French speakers you may have recognizedit from the French word: Salut.
Our next phrase is "Kiel vi fartas". This translates into: "How are you?". If we break it down a bit then we'll have three different words. Kiel translating into: how, vi translating into: you, and fartas translating into: feel. So basically, we're asking "How you feel?"
For those who have learned other languages, you already know that things do not always translate perfectly from that language to English. For those who haven't, don't worry, you'll get used to it quickly.
The next phrase is: "Mi fartas bone, kaj vi?" Just from that alone, you can make out half of what the phrase means. You remember what "fartas" and "vi" mean, right. Well you can also see that the first word of the phrase is "Mi." In Esperanto, "mi" means: I or me. It's not that hard, huh? The word "Mi" even looks like a combination of "I" and "me"
As for the other words, kaj means: and. Just as it is important in English, "kaj" is just as important. The last word, "bone", means well. Bone is the adverb form of Bona, which means good. Here's a tiny peek into the next lesson: all adverbs end in e and all adjectives end in a!
Anyway, so now we are able to translate the sentence into: I am feeling (or just: I feel) well, and you?
Our last phrase is: Mi fartas bone ankaux, dankon. Right off the bat, you that the sentence starts off with: I feel well...but they're two new words following it. "Ankaux", although can also be written as ankau^ means also. For the most part, its used as it word be in English. (I recommend that you search up the Esperanto x-system).
The other unknown word: dankon, means...you guessed it, my German speakers- "thank you". That finishes off our sentence- but know we can understand it! "I feel well also, thank you."
We're not done yet! See how quickly you can translate these in English:
1: Saluton kaj dankon
2: Mi fartas bone
3: Vi fartas bone
4: Kiel vi fartas?
Now see how quickly you can translate these into Esperanto:
1: Thank you
2: You and I
3: You and me feel good.
4: I also feel good
Good job! Keep practicing everyday! Do you know what "Gxis la revido" means? Well, you'll find out soon in the next lesson!