Conjugation of Verbs

5 November 2014 by Pigmalijonas

Level: B2
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Here is the conjugation table. If you know which conjugation a certain verb belongs to, and what are its three main forms, then you can easily 'construct' this verb using this table. It may look huge, but notice that many boxes are very alike (i.e. past tenses, subjunctive and imperative moods).

Conjugation Person Present tense Past tense Past Frequentative tense Future tense Subjunctive mood Imperative mood
1
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
-u
-i
-a
-ame
-ate
-a
-au
-ai
-o
-ome
-ote
-o
-au
-ai
-o
-ome
-ote
-o
-iu
-i
-
-ime
-ite
-
-čiau
-tum
-tų
-tu[mė]me
-tu[mė]te
-tų

-k
te-...-a
-kime
-kite
te-...-a
2
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
-iu
-i
-i
-ime
-ite
-i
-au
-ai
-o
-ome
-ote
-o
-au
-ai
-o
-ome
-ote
-o
-iu
-i
-
-ime
-ite
-
-čiau
-tum
-tų
-tu[mė]me
-tu[mė]te
-tų

-k
te-...-i
-kime
-kite
te-...-i
3
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
-au
-ai
-o
-ome
-ote
-o
-iau
-ei

-ėme
-ėte
-au
-ai
-o
-ome
-ote
-o
-iu
-i
-
-ime
-ite
-
-čiau
-tum
-tų
-tu[mė]me
-tu[mė]te
-tų

-k
te-...-o
-kime
-kite
te-...-o

We're now going to see how to make every tense and mood. We will use these three verbs as examples: skristi - to fly (first conjugation); tylėti - to be quiet (second conjugation); rašyti - to write (third conjugation). Their second main forms are as follows: skrenda, tyli and rašo. And their third main forms are these: skrido, tylėjo and rašė.

Present tense

This tense is constructed using the second main form. Below you see a table with previously mentioned examples (skristi, tylėti, rašyti).

Conjugation Person Present tense
1
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
skrendu
skrendi
skrenda
skrendame
skrendate
skrenda
2
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
tyliu
tyli
tyli
tylime
tylite
tyli
3
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
rašau
rašai
rašo
rašome
rašote
rašo

Past tense

This tense is constructed using the third main form. Below you see a table with previously mentioned examples (skristi, tylėti, rašyti).

Conjugation Person Past tense
1
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
skridau
skridai
skrido
skridome
skridote
skrido
2
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
tylėjau
tylėjai
tylėjo
tylėjome
tylėjote
tylėjo
3
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
rašiau
rašei
rašė
rašėme
rašėte
rašė

Past Frequentative tense

This tense is constructed using the infinitive without ti, but with dav. Below you see a table with previously mentioned examples (skristi, tylėti, rašyti).

Conjugation Person Past Frequentative tense
1
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
skrisdavau
skrisdavai
skrisdavo
skrisdavome
skrisdavote
skrisdavo
2
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
tylėdavau
tylėdavai
tylėdavo
tylėdavome
tylėdavote
tylėdavo
3
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
rašydavau
rašydavai
rašydavo
rašydavome
rašydavote
rašydavo

Future tense

This tense is constructed using the infinitive without ti, but with s. Below you see a table with previously mentioned examples (skristi, tylėti, rašyti).

Conjugation Person Future tense
1
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
skrisiu
skrisi
skris
skrisime
skrisite
skris
2
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
tylėsiu
tylėsi
tylės
tylėsime
tylėsite
tylės
3
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
rašysiu
rašysi
rašys
rašysime
rašysite
rašys

Subjunctive mood

This mood is constructed using the infinitive without ti. Below you see a table with previously mentioned examples (skristi, tylėti, rašyti).

Conjugation Person Subjunctive mood
1
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
skrisčiau
skristum
skris
skristumėme
skristumėte
skris
2
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
tylėčiau
tylėtum
tylė
tylėtumėme
tylėtumėte
tylė
3
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos
rašyčiau
rašytum
rašy
rašytumėme
rašytumėte
rašy

Imperative mood

This mood is constructed using the infinitive without ti. However in the third person it takes the second main form. Below you see a table with previously mentioned examples (skristi, tylėti, rašyti).

Conjugation Person Imperative mood
1
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos

skrisk
teskrenda
skriskime
skriskite
teskrenda
2
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos

tylėk
tetyli
tylėkime
tylėkite
tetyli
3
tu
jis, ji
mes
jūs
jie, jos

rašyk
terašo
rašykime
rašykite
terašo

Now that you have seen how verbs are made, you may want to read about tenses and moods themselves, where they are used and where not.

Comments:

Matas 8 May 2016 15:55
I suggest giving up Conjugation numbers and not trying to squeeze present and past tenses in one table. For example, the first table is not correct, because -o in present can end in -ojo in the past (saugoti, saugo, saugojo), and also -a in the present can end in -ė in the past (klausti, klausia, klausė).

Basically, the conjugation with -i in the present implies all other forms. Conjugation with -o in the present is still nice (you only have to know if infinitive ends in -yti or in -oti) and then you know the remaining forms, at least it seems to me after writing down a few verbs. Finally, the conjugation with -a in the present is nasty (you can assume these are irregular Lithuanian verbs) and you will have to memorize all three basic forms (infinitive, present, past) to be able to obtain the remaining forms.
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Ciarán12 7 July 2016 14:06
For Class II verbs (-i in the second main form), the Future ending for the second person singular is given as -ai, and the formula for creating the future tense is infinitive - ti + s + ending, which would give "tylėsai", but the form given in the table above is "tylėsi", why is that?
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Pigmalijonas 20 July 2016 09:34
Thanks for spotting the mistake, Ciarán12.

Matas, you are right, Lithuanian verbs can't be simply squeezed into three groups. I should have clarified that some verbs mix it up, e.g. present tense endings from group 1, while past tense endings from group 3 (klausti, klausia, klausė)
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