16 August 2014 by kim
In Korean, to say that something is something you must use special verbs called copulas that you must attach to a noun (and they behave differently than ordinary verbs).
If you want to use constructions like A is B (like "This is a teacher"), you must use the i-e-yo (ye-yo) copula.
|A||B||i-e-yo / ye-yo|
If the last letter of the B noun is a consonant, you must use 이에요 (i-e-yo). If it's a vowel, use 예요 (ye-yo).
Water in Korean is 물 (mul). To say "It's water" you can add "i-e-yo" after "mul": 물이에요 (mul-i-e-yo).
Bag in Korean is 가방 (ka-bang). "It's a bag" would be 가방이에요 (ka-bang-i-e-yo).
I (me) in Korean is 저 (jeo). "It's me" = 저예요 (jeo-ye-yo).
Chair in Korean is 의자 (ui-ja). "This is a chair" = 의자예요 (ui-ja-ye-yo).
Office in Korean is 사무실 (sa-mu-sil). "It's an office" = 사무실이에요 (sa-mu-sil-i-e-yo).
You can change these sentences into questions by adding a question mark:
Is this a chair? 의자예요?
Yes, this is a chair. 네,의자예요 (ne, ui-ja-ye-yo)