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 Post subject: contrast verb meanings to clarify differences in usage
PostPosted: 2011 03 22, 12:49 
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Joined: 2010 09 22, 06:11
Posts: 7
What is the difference in meaning between these words:
(yes, some are reflexive, but not sure how the reflexive is used and used differently from the non-reflexive)

degti vs. kepti vs. gaminti vs virti (all seem to be used in regard to preparing food??)
kabėti vs kabinti
dovanoti vs. duoti
pasakoti vs sakyti
tarti vs kartoti
plauti vs. prausti vs. maudyti
plaukti vs maudyti
mesti vs (pasi)klysti
ruošti vs studijuoti
sportuoti vs mankštintis
peršalti vs šalti
važiuoti vs vairuoti
auginti vs. augti
auti vs. autis
degintis vs. degti
prasidėti vs pradėti
ruoštis vs rengtis


Thanks in advance.


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 Post subject: Re: contrast verb meanings to clarify differences in usage
PostPosted: 2011 03 22, 16:18 
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Joined: 2006 09 08, 19:28
Posts: 952
Location: La Plata, Argentinos Respublika
degti vs. kepti vs. gaminti vs virti
degti: to burn or to be on fire (not related to food, I believe)
kepti: broil, bake, cook, roast, grill, fry
gaminti: prepare
virti: boil

kabėti vs kabinti
kabėti: to be hanging
kabinti: to hang something

dovanoti vs. duoti
dovanoti: to give as a present
duoti: to give

pasakoti vs sakyti
pasakoti: narrate, tell
sakyti: to say

tarti vs kartoti
tarti: pronounce
kartoti: repeat

plauti vs. prausti vs. maudyti
plauti: wash, scour
prausti: wash (face, body, hands, legs)
maudyti: bath, dip
maudytis (reflexive): to bath oneself, swim (in a lake)

plaukti vs maudyti (I think you mean plaukti vs maudytiS)
plaukti: swim, navigate (movement took into account), float (things)
maudytis: swim (focus in being inside water)

mesti vs (pasi)klysti
mesti: to abandon and many more meanings
pasiklysti: to get lost

ruošti vs studijuoti
ruošti: to prepare
ruoštis (reflexive): to prepare oneself
studijuot: to study

sportuoti vs mankštintis
sportuoti: to practice a sport
mankštintis: to work out

peršalti vs šalti
peršalti: to get sick due to exposure to cold
šalti: to freeze something

važiuoti vs vairuoti
važiuoti: to go by a means of transportation
vairuoti: to drive

auginti vs. augti
auginti: to make something grow, nurture, raise
augti: to grow

auti vs. autis
auti: to put on shoes, socks, pants
autis: to put on shoes, socks, pants to oneself

degintis vs. degti
degintis: tan
degti: burn

prasidėti vs pradėti
prasidėti: to begin
pradėti: to make something begin

ruoštis vs rengtis
ruoštis: to prepare oneself
rengtis: synonym, but has also other meanings than to prepare

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 Post subject:
PostPosted: 2011 03 26, 14:05 
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Joined: 2010 09 22, 06:11
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Very much gratitude. Just a few questions to help make clearer please?

Quote:
gaminti: prepare


Can be used to prepare other things, and also food?


Quote:
važiuoti vs vairuoti
važiuoti: to go by a means of transportation
vairuoti: to drive


Is it possible to use either verb in this sentence: "We are going (driving, travelling) to Klaipedos now." Or is one more correct than another? Since both require travel by transportation, does that mean vairuoti focuses more on the act of steering or driving the vehicle and važiuoti focuses more on just the travelling part?

Quote:
auginti vs. augti
auginti: to make something grow, nurture, raise
augti: to grow


There's a difference? Can both verbs be used for plants, animals, people to refer to their physical and mental growth?

How would these sentences be translated:

She is growing up to be a beautiful girl.
Her mother is raising her well.
He is progressing/growing in his knowledge.
The plant grows more rapidly in the sunlight.

In advance, thank you.


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 Post subject:
PostPosted: 2011 07 31, 17:40 
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Joined: 2006 07 06, 21:08
Posts: 696
Location: Kaunas
1step-ata-time wrote:
Very much gratitude. Just a few questions to help make clearer please?

Quote:
gaminti: prepare


Can be used to prepare other things, and also food?

Yes that's right, anything that you make using some materials and everything that comes out of factories (gamykla) :).

1step-ata-time wrote:
Quote:
važiuoti vs vairuoti
važiuoti: to go by a means of transportation
vairuoti: to drive


Is it possible to use either verb in this sentence: "We are going (driving, travelling) to Klaipedos now." Or is one more correct than another? Since both require travel by transportation, does that mean vairuoti focuses more on the act of steering or driving the vehicle and važiuoti focuses more on just the travelling part?

Both are correct:
aš važiuoju į Klaipėdą
aš vairuoju į Klaipėdą - you may say this, but it really focuses too much on the steering; this verb is used more when specific steering skills are required:
nuvairuok mašiną į aikštelę - steer/drive my car to the parking lot

1step-ata-time wrote:
Quote:
auginti vs. augti
auginti: to make something grow, nurture, raise
augti: to grow


There's a difference? Can both verbs be used for plants, animals, people to refer to their physical and mental growth?

Yes, augti means to grow by itself. Compare sėdėti (to sit by oneself) and sodinti (to make someone sit).

1step-ata-time wrote:
How would these sentences be translated:

She is growing up to be a beautiful girl.
Her mother is raising her well.
He is progressing/growing in his knowledge.
The plant grows more rapidly in the sunlight.

In advance, thank you.

Ji užaugs graži mergina./Ji išaugs į gražią merginą.
Jos mama ją gerai auklėja/augina. (auklėti emphasizes the nurturing, while auginti - the physical growth like providing nutritious food for a child to grow big :))
Jis tobulėja savo žiniomis/žiniose. Jo žinios tobulėja/auga.
Augalas saulėje auga greičiau.


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