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 Post subject: A list of verbs
PostPosted: 2011 03 10, 00:08 

Joined: 2011 01 19, 13:58
Posts: 8
Hi
I have compiled a list of 180 verbs and translated them into Lithuanian.
If the rules of this forum would allow for so many verbs on one page, I will gladly share them with you. Some of them may be wrong as my Lithuanian is not very good. It would be nice if the mistakes could be corrected and more verbs added by other members for future reference.
Please let me know if this is OK.


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PostPosted: 2011 03 10, 11:23 

Joined: 2011 01 19, 13:58
Posts: 8
Here are 180 verbs from me. Some may be wrong or a better translation may be possible. Any hep would be appreciated by me and I am sure by other learners of the Lithuanian language too:

accept = priimti
add = pridėti
agree = susitarti
answer = atsakyti
arrest = suimti
arrive = atvykti
ask = paklausti
attack = pulti
be able, can = galėti
become = tapti
believe = tikėti
bite = įkąsti
boil = virti
borrow = skolintis
break = pertraukti
bring = atnešti
build = statyti
burn = degint
buy = pirtki
call = skambinti
carry = vykdyti
catch = sugauti
change = keisti
cheat = apgauti
chew = kramtyti
close = uždaryti
come = ateiti
continue = tęsti
cook = kepti
count = skaičiuoti
cry = verkti
cut = pjauti
damage = kenti
dance = šokti
decide = nuspręsti
deliver = pristatyti
die = mirti
digest = virškinti
do = padaryti
draw (picture) = piešti
dream = svajoti
dress = rengtis
drink = gerti
drive = vairuoti
drop = kristi (iš rankų)
drown = prigerti
dry = sausinti
eat = valgyti
exchange = pasikeisti
expect = tikėtis
expire = baigtis
explain = paaiškinti
export = eksportuoti
fall = kristi
feel = pajusti
fight = kovoti
find = rasti
finish = baigti
fly = skraidyti
follow = sekti
forbid = uždrausti
forget = užmiršti
forgive = atleisti
fry = spirginti
function = veikti
get, receive = gauti
give = duoti
go = eiti
grow = augti
guess = spėti
hang (suspend) = pakabinti
hate = neapkęsti
hear = išgirsti
help = padėti
hide = slėpti
hit = smogti
hold = turėti
immigrate = imigruoti
import = importuoti
injur = sužeisti
iron = layditi
jump = šokti
keep = laykyti
kill = žudyti
kiss = bučiuoti
knit = megzti
know = žinoti
know (recognise) = pažinti
laugh = juoktis
learn = mokytis
leave = palikti
lend = skolinti
lie (down) = atsigulti
lie, fib = meluoti
like = patikti
listen = klausyti
live, reside = gyventi
look = žiūėti
lose (not to win) = prarasti
lose, mislay = pamesti
love = mylėti
make = padaryti. gamyba
marry = vesti
mean, signify = reikšti
meet = patenkinti
melt = išlydyti
mix = maišyti
move (motion) = perkelti
need = reikėti
open = atidaryti
pay = mokėti
plant = įkasti
play = žaisti
print = spausdinti
pull = traukti
push (away) = stumti
read = skaityti
reduce = sumažinti
register = registruoti
remember = atsiminti
repeat = pakartoti
rescue, save = išgelbėti
rest = pailsėti
run = paleisti
say = sakyti
scream = kaukti
search = ieškoti
see = matyti
sell = parduoti
send = siūsti
sew = siūti
shake = kratyti
shave = skustis
shout = šaukti
show = rodyti
shrink = trauktis
sing = dainuoti
sit = sėdėti
sleep = miegoti
smell = uostyti
smile = šypsotis
smoke = rūkyti
spit = spjauti
stand = stovėti
start = pradėti
stay = sustabdyti
steal = vogti
stick = prilipti
sting (insect) = įdilginti
stop = sustoti
swallow = nuryti
swear (curse) = keiktis
swear (oath) = prisiekti
sweat = prakaituoti
sweep = šluoti
take = imti
talk, speak = kalbėti
taste = paragauti
teach = mokyti
tear = plėšyti
test = bandyti
think (think about) = galvoti
threaten = grasinti
throw = mesti
touch = listi
translate = išversti
travel = keliauti
trust = pasitikėti
try, attempt = pabandyti
understand = suprasti
use = naudoti
visit = aplankyti
wait = palaukti
wake up = pabusti
walk = vaikščioti
want = norėti
wash = plauti
win = laimėti
work = dirbti
write = rašyti


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PostPosted: 2011 03 10, 19:36 
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Joined: 2006 09 08, 19:28
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Location: La Plata, Argentinos Respublika
There are some mistakes and some things that should be pointed out. I'll do it in a couple of days.
Great job!

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PostPosted: 2011 03 10, 23:00 

Joined: 2011 01 19, 13:58
Posts: 8
asCii wrote:
There are some mistakes and some things that should be pointed out. I'll do it in a couple of days.
Great job!

Thanks! Looking forward to it.


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 Post subject:
PostPosted: 2011 03 15, 11:11 

Joined: 2011 01 19, 13:58
Posts: 8
I hope someone will be kind enough to correct my verbs so that learners don't learn incorrect Lithuanian.


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PostPosted: 2011 03 15, 17:25 
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Joined: 2007 05 18, 17:00
Posts: 325
Location: Tauragė, Lithuania
burn = degint? deginti
buy = pirtki? pirkti
carry = vykdyti? carry on = vykdyti. carry = nešti, nešioti
damage = kenti? kenkti
dress = rengtis? dress (yourself)
iron = layditi? laidyti
keep = laykyti? laikyti
look = žiūėti? žiūrėti
lose (not to win) = prarasti? pralošti, pralaimėti (if opposite to win)
make = padaryti. gamyba? gaminti (gamyba is not a verb)
plant = įkasti? sodinti
shrink = trauktis? shrink (itself)
sting (insect) = įdilginti? įgelti (maybe?)
touch = listi? liesti

These are just some a noticed. Maybe someone else will help you with the rest.

A problem when making these verb lists is that one word in English can have 10-20 different meanings. So it is easier if you write within parentheses what the meaning of the verb is.

Also some of the words are not the first choice I would use, but it can also be that I don't understand the English verb to the fullest. (See above).

But I'm Swedish so this could be totally wrong :)

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PostPosted: 2011 03 15, 17:59 
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Location: La Plata, Argentinos Respublika
First of all you should remember that in lithuanian it is important to learn by heart not only the infinitive form of a verb, but also its third person present and past forms. I'll add those. Second of all, you have to know what cases each verb governs, that's to say, in what case must the words accompanying them be. Thirdly, you should know that many verbs in english are both transitive and intransitive, or maybe it is causative and non-causative, I don't remember (for example The house burns, The man burns a house), whereas in lithuanian you have one word for each meaning. I'll try to point that out, too.
And last but not least, the same verb can change it's meaning with the use of a prefix. Kind of like what happens with english phrasal verbs. In that case you don't need to learn all three forms again.

accept = priimti, priima, priėmė (kas, ką)
add = pridėti, pridėda (=prideda), pridėjo (kas, ką)
agree = susitarti, susitaria, susitarė (kas, su kuo)
answer = atsakyti, atsako, atsakė (kas, į ką)
arrest = suimti, suima, suėmė (kas, ką)
arrive = atvykti, atvyksta, atvyko (kas)
ask = paklausti, paklausia, paklausė (kas, ką)
attack = pulti, puola, puolė (kas, ką)
be able, can = galėti, gali, galėjo (kas, ką daryt)
become = tapti, tampa, tapo (kas, kuo)
believe = tikėti, tiki, tikėjo (kas, kuo/Dievą)
bite = įkąsti, įkanda, įkando (kas, ką)
boil = virti, verda, virė (kas)
borrow = skolintis, skolinasi, skolinosi (kas, ką)
break(interrupt) = pertraukti, pertraukia, pertraukė (kas, ką)
bring = atnešti, atneša, atnešė (kas, ką)
build = statyti, stato, statė (kas, ką)
burn (transitive) = deginti, degina, degino (kas, ką)
burn (intransitive) = degti, dega, degė (kas)
buy = pirtki (=pirkti), perka, pirko (kas, ką)
call = skambinti, skambina, skambino (kas, kam)
carry = nešti, neša, nešė (kas, ką) / nešioti, nešioja, nešiojo
catch(capture) = sugauti, sugauna, sugavo (kas, ką)
change = keisti, keičia, keitė (kas, ką, į ką)
cheat = apgauti, apgauna, apgavo (kas)
chew = kramtyti. kramto, kramtė (kas, ką)
close = uždaryti, uždaro, uždarė (kas, ką)
come(on foot) = ateiti, ateina, atėjo (kas)
continue something = tęsti, tęsia, tęsė (kas, ką)
something continues = tęstis, tęsiasi, tęsėsi (kas)
cook = kepti, kepa, kepė (kas, ką)
count = skaičiuoti, skaičiuoja, skaičiavo (kas, ką)
cry = verkti, verkia, verkė (kas)
cut = pjauti, pjauna, pjovė (kas, ką)
damage(harm) = kenkti, kenkia, kenkė (kas, ką)
dance/jump = šokti, šoka, šoko (kas)
decide = nuspręsti, nusprendžia, nusprendė (kas, ką daryti)
deliver = pristatyti, pristato, pristatė (kas, ką)
die = mirti, miršta, mirė (kas)
digest = virškinti, virškina, virškino (kas, ką)
do = padaryti, padaro, padarė (kas, ką)
draw (picture) = piešti, piešia, piešė (kas, ką)
dream = svajoti, svajoja, svajojo (kas, ką)
dream (sleeping) = sapnuoti, sapnuoja, sapnavo (kas, ką)
dress (oneself) = rengtis, rengiasi, rengėsi (kas, kuo)
drink = gerti, geria, gėrė (kas, ką)
drive = vairuoti, vairuoja, vairavo (kas, ką)
drop = kristi (iš rankų), krinta, krito (kas, kam)
drown(apie javus, daržoves) = prigerti, prigeria, prigėrė (kas)
dry = sausinti, sausina, sausino (kas, ką)/ džiovinti, džiovina, džiovino
eat = valgyti, valgo, valgė (kas, ką)


Next part to come.

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 Post subject:
PostPosted: 2011 03 17, 02:19 

Joined: 2011 01 19, 13:58
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toto1919 wrote:
burn = degint? deginti
buy = pirtki? pirkti
carry = vykdyti? carry on = vykdyti. carry = nešti, nešioti
damage = kenti? kenkti
dress = rengtis? dress (yourself)
iron = layditi? laidyti
keep = laykyti? laikyti
look = žiūėti? žiūrėti
lose (not to win) = prarasti? pralošti, pralaimėti (if opposite to win)
make = padaryti. gamyba? gaminti (gamyba is not a verb)
plant = įkasti? sodinti
shrink = trauktis? shrink (itself)
sting (insect) = įdilginti? įgelti (maybe?)
touch = listi? liesti

These are just some a noticed. Maybe someone else will help you with the rest.

A problem when making these verb lists is that one word in English can have 10-20 different meanings. So it is easier if you write within parentheses what the meaning of the verb is.

Also some of the words are not the first choice I would use, but it can also be that I don't understand the English verb to the fullest. (See above).

But I'm Swedish so this could be totally wrong :)

Thank you. Well I don't know about an English verb having 10-20 meanings. It can have lots of meanings if you consider it as a noun too. The word with the most meanings in English is "set". I have tried to add an explanation if a verb has more than one meaning. For example "to lose" which can mean to lose a football match or to lose your keys. In many languages there are 2 different words for this word. On the other hand if we take your native language Swedish you can translate both "damage" and "injure" as "skada".
back to Lithuanian, you said that some of the words would not be your first choice. I am looking for first choice words nit just synonyms. For example the verb "to understand" is used much more in English than the verb "to comprehend", so that is what I have used and would like the more common word in Lithuanian.
If there are words you are not sure of please ask me. I could even give you the equivalent in Swedish as my Swedish is much better than my Lithuanian.


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 Post subject: updated list
PostPosted: 2011 03 19, 06:28 
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Joined: 2010 09 22, 06:11
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Thank you karim37 for your hard work. I've also been compiling such a list for several years. Is anyone willing to check an updated list with the corrections and additions that both Toto1919 and Ascii suggested? The list is very long and in "Excel" format. Does not seem possible to post on this forum. If anyone interested in helping to check this HUGE work, please provide your email. Thank you.


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 Post subject: Re: updated list
PostPosted: 2011 03 24, 01:20 

Joined: 2011 01 19, 13:58
Posts: 8
1step-ata-time wrote:
Thank you karim37 for your hard work. I've also been compiling such a list for several years. Is anyone willing to check an updated list with the corrections and additions that both Toto1919 and Ascii suggested? The list is very long and in "Excel" format. Does not seem possible to post on this forum. If anyone interested in helping to check this HUGE work, please provide your email. Thank you.


How much longer can it be? I have chosen the most common verbs. You can add to my list. I used excel myself. Just copy and paste.


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 Post subject: more verbs
PostPosted: 2011 06 05, 08:03 
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Joined: 2006 11 17, 05:49
Posts: 86
Location: CA USA (JAV)
As given in BL (Klimas et al) with the principle parts, subject case, object case. Note that verbs without accusative case objects (except būti) can't have passive participles.
acquaint (intoduce) - supažindinti, supažindina, supažindino, kas, ką su kuo
ask (request) - prašyti, praša, prašė, kas, ką
ask (inquire) - (pa)klausti, klausia, klausė, kas, ką
be - esti/būti, esa/yra, būvo, kas, kas
be born - gimti, gimsta, gimė, kas, -
break (arm) - nusilaužti, nusilaužia, nusilaužio, kas, ką
go bad - sugest, sugenda, sugedo, kas, -
beat - mušti, muša, mušė, kas, ką
can (able) - galėti, gali, galėjo, kas, (daryti ko)
compose - sudaryti, sudaro, sudarė, kas, ką
conquer - nugalėti, nugali, nugaėjo, kas, ką
create - sukurti, sukuria, sukurė
describe - aprašyti, apraša, aprašė, kas, ką
destroy - sumušti, sumuša, sumušė, kas, ką
discover - atrasti, atranda, atrado, kas, ką
dine - pietauti, pietauja, pietavo, kas, -
divide - padalinti, padalina, padalino, kas, ką
donate - (pa)dovanoti, dovanoja, dovanojo, kas, ką
envy - pavydėti, pavydi, pavydėjo, kas, kam
examine (closely) - apžiūrėti, apžiūri, apžiūrėjo, kas, ką
explain - (iš/pa)aiškinti, aiškina, aiškino, kas, ką
extend - išplėsti, išplėsia, išplėsė, kas, ką
----- more later ------


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 Post subject:
PostPosted: 2011 07 16, 10:11 

Joined: 2011 05 06, 01:08
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I am afraid of asking stupid questions. But here I go regardless:

In these lists where you add "which case each verb governs," I am not sure why multiple question words appear after a verb. Or maybe I just don't know which question words indicate which case. For example,

boil = virti, verda, virė (kas)

I understand that "kas" means nominative and " ką" means accusative.
So in the sentence "She boils water" both "she" and "water" are in nominative? Or is this meant to be an intransitive verb, i.e. "Water boils" with water in the nominative?

borrow = skolintis, skolinasi, skolinosi (kas, ką)

And then "My sister borrows my sweater." "Sister" is nominative and "sweater" is accusative, as in English, yes?

become = tapti, tampa, tapo (kas, kuo)
In this situation, "He is becoming a teacher" what case is "teacher" in?

I think part of my confusion is that in prior language study, the name of the case itself was used, not the question word governing that case. Of course, another part of the problem may be in trying to make sense of Lithuanian grammar at one o'clock in the morning. Perhaps tomorrow this will all make sense. I do greatly appreciate the knowledge and helpfulness of those who participate in this site.


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PostPosted: 2011 07 22, 06:54 
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Joined: 2007 05 18, 17:00
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Location: Tauragė, Lithuania
vendija wrote:
boil = virti, verda, virė (kas)

I understand that "kas" means nominative and " ką" means accusative.
So in the sentence "She boils water" both "she" and "water" are in nominative? Or is this meant to be an intransitive verb, i.e. "Water boils" with water in the nominative?


Should be boil = virti, verda, virė (kas, ką)

vendija wrote:
become = tapti, tampa, tapo (kas, kuo)
In this situation, "He is becoming a teacher" what case is "teacher" in?


He (kas) is becoming a teacher (kuo) - instrumentative

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PostPosted: 2011 07 22, 07:25 

Joined: 2011 05 06, 01:08
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Ačiu. That makes sense to me now.


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